Hostile Vehicle Mitigation – What it means?

hostile vehicle mitigation

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation solutions provide safety against vehicle-borne threats & have become pretty popular all over the world. When compared with a stationary or standing threat, the vehicle-borne threats present totally different security challenges which require different solutions. For example, mitigating a ramming attack from a stolen vehicle will require different solutions than mitigating an attack from a standing target.

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation (Explained)

HVM or Hostile vehicle mitigation is a security discipline that mitigates or reduces the risks from vehicle-born (moving) threats posed by criminals and terrorists.

The first step in HVM is to assess the security risks, and after that, security planning is carried out. Once the planning phase is done, the final and last step is to design & deploy the measure against the threat/risk. So in a sense, HVM is a lot more than just the deployment of security measures against vehicle-borne threats.

Because if you think about it, just deploying any security measure against vehicle-borne threats without carrying out a proper assessment and planning can lead to potential risks or even ineffective security measures!

Different Types of HVM Measures

HVM is a complete package that involves assessments, procedures, and even the installation of physical obstructions to mitigate vehicle-borne threats. So when we talk about HVM measures, it can include security awareness, deterrent communications, response planning, traffic management, and the deployment of obstructions (physical nature) such as vehicle barriers, PARB, plastic proof walls, and anti-ram barriers to counter the threat.

Let’s look at some of the popular methods which are used against vehicle-borne threats & are part of the overall HVM measures:

Anti-Ram Barriers

These barriers are specially designed to stop the vehicles from reaching important government buildings, retail stores, embassies, or important infrastructure. The design of these barriers ensures that no moving vehicle can gain access to a building through ramming.

Let’s look at a scenario: A stolen van is used by criminals to ram at the front door of a government building. The collision destroyed the front gate and thus allowed the criminals to gain access to the building. Now, if that same building had anti-ram barriers installed, the criminals would not be able to collide with the front gate & will be stopped by the anti-ram barriers!

HVM Bollards

Another commonly used product in HVM includes the bollards that are designed for hostile vehicle mitigation purposes. In fact, you may have seen these HVM bollards in real-life as well – They are cylindrical shaped and are installed in busy city centers, national infrastructure, government buildings, or even in places where vehicle entry is forbidden.

One of the major benefits of HVM bollards is that they will allow the pedestrians to pass through easily, but no vehicle will be able to pass through!

Blast Proof Walls

It is the walls that define the outer boundary of a building, and with blast-proof walls, we can achieve the objective of hostile vehicle mitigation as well. These days, there are a lot of blast-proof materials and blast proof fabrics available that can easily retrofit on old walls and provide additional security & safety!

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